Difference Between Biotic vs Abiotic

Difference Between Biotic vs Abiotic

Needing to properly understand the difference between biotic and abiotic is a commonplace in science studies. As a science student, you may be having a hard time grasping the difference between the two terms. The truth of the matter is, you are not alone, as there are many scholars who are facing the same challenge.

To help you get over this hurdle, we have carried out exhaustive research for you. All you need to do is to pay attention to all the points discussed in this enlightening guide. With that said, we will start off this topic with some simple definitions.

Definition of Biotic

Biotic is an adjective used to describe living things that are commonly seen in the environment. It is a popular biological term used to describe the interactions or stimuli within our environment.

One significant feature of these living things is that they are capable of producing offspring or otherwise reproducing. Some examples of biotic groups include birds, organisms, fungi, and animals, etc. As time goes on, the interaction makes their lives richer, leading to reproduction.

In addition to reproduction, they exhibit other characteristics, such as digestion, respiration, and excretion, etc. However, the ways and manner these activities play out differ from one animal or plant to another.

For instance, while animals depend on sourcing food from the environment to survive, there are many self-nourishing organisms, such as plants. The biotic group is further classified as producers, consumers, and decomposers.

Definition of Abiotic

Abiotic is an adjective that describes non-living elements that are easily found in our environment. For every living thing found in the ecosystem, they somewhat depend on abiotic elements to survive and grow.

However, their level of dependency on the environment varies from one organism to another. In other words, the two categories continuously interact with each other, forming what is termed a system.

Commonly known as environmental factors, abiotic elements cover the entire biosphere. Some examples include soil, rock, temperature, rain, water, pressure, sound, and sunlight, etc. In short, every biological thing depends on those elements as resources to function optimally. As can be seen from the list, many environmental factors fall into the abiotic constituents.

Main Differences Between Biotic vs Abiotic

The table below will help you to understand the difference between abiotic and biotic constituents. Continue reading to learn all about it.

Basis of ComparisonBioticAbiotic
MeaningAll the biological factors that exist in the environmentThese are all the nonliving things that exist in the environment
ExamplesAnimal, bacteria, algae, plants, etc.Soil, rock, temperature, rain, water, wind, pressure, sound, sunlight, etc.
DependencyAll these factors depend on the abiotic elements for their survival.Nonliving things do not depend on anything for survival because they are inanimate in the first place
AdaptabilityAs the environment changes, these things continuously modify themselves to adapt to the dynamic ecosystemThey are stagnant and lack the necessary features to adapt to the ecosystem no matter the changes that happen 
RelationshipsTo survive in the environment, they build on parasitism, symbiosis, predator-prey relationship, etc.This group has no room for relationship and association because they are stagnant in nature.

Difference Between Biotic and Abiotic: Conclusion

To wrap up this educative guide on the disparity between biotic vs abiotic factors, it is important that we highly some critical points. Just before we get into that, we strongly believe that you comprehend the contrasts between them. You should know that the prefix, “bio”, is a Greek word that means life while the suffix “tic” is attached to the prefix to make a complete meaning.

On the other hand, adding “a” to “bio” means that it is inanimate. Having come thus far, it is safe to say that you no longer have any challenges if you have to discuss the abiotic vs biotic factors. In fact, the two terms are everyday science terms used to describe interactions that play out in the milieu.

For instance, animals need sunlight and water to survive, and the same goes for plants. As this interaction continues, the biotic elements continue to readjust, adapt, eat, and improve. Indeed, the interaction between them is endless.